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The weight of mattock heads range from 3 to 7 pounds (1.5 to 3.5 kg). They are normally mounted on a 3 to 4 foot or 90 to 120 cm shaft. The shaft is heavier than the mattock's head, sometimes weighing double the mass and density of a baseball bat.
Mattock heads are available in either an English or a grubbing pattern. The head has one face vertical and the other face at right angles to the shaft.
In popular usage, the mattock heads can be classified as Single-bevel and double-bevel. The single-beveled mattock can be used as a combination tool because it can be used with other digging tools and can perform a variety of functions. The pick-mattock, for example is a combination of the single-beveled mattock and pick.
The handle for Mattock heads is designed in such a way so as to fit both styles. The mattock's head simply slides on or off and is locked by the handle's taper. The handles are similar to pick handles. The length of the handles is usually 16 to 17 inches long and they are easily removable so that transporting and sharpening the heads become easier. The handles are made of hardwood. Nowadays fiberglass replacement handles have also become very popular as they provide more strength and durability over wooden handles. Most of these handles have the waterproof, non-warping and non-corrosive features of fiberglass which ensure their durability.
Types of mattocks
Depending on the design of the head, mattocks can be classified as pick mattock and cutter mattock.
There are two flat blade set at right angles to the handle. One blade is like an adz and can be used as a hoe while the other has a pointed end like a pick axe. Accordingly we can say that there are two kinds of mattockspick mattocks and cutter mattocks.
Both the types of mattocks have an adze blade, but the pick mattock has a pick, opposing the adze, whereas the cutter mattock has a cutting blade.
The pick mattock is particularly useful in hard or rocky soil and clay and the pick can easily break up the soil or pry out rocks. The pack mattock is highly useful in trailing. The cutter mattock is considered very useful in deeper, rooty soil where the cutting blade is used to sever roots. Roots are cut with the cutter blade and then pried out with the grubbing end of the cutter mattock.
Uses of mattock
A heavy, strong, and popular too, a mattock is used for the roughest of work. Some of the popular uses of a mattock are as follows:
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