Painting is an important part of home decoration
and home renovation project. While small painting jobs can be done at
home as a part of do-it-yourself job, the hardcore painting
job like painting ceilings, walls of rooms is done by professionals.
There are different kinds of hand tools for painting. By using the right
set of painting tools, it is possible to reduce both time and effort to
finish your house painting project. It is always advisable to go for
good quality tools which when cared for properly can last a lifetime.
Classification of painting tools
Tools needed for house painting can be classified into four main
Types of painting tools
- Safety and
Painting tools define what type of technique, texture and surface you
are trying to achieve. The number of tools required depends on the size
of the project. There are wide varieties of painting tools out on the
market today. These are as follows:
- Paint brushes: The most basic of all painting tools,
brushes are available in different sizes and styles . There are many
different manufacturers dealing with brushes and quality varies. Do
not go for cheap painting tools and rather prefer good brushes which
will do the job for a very long time and are comfortable to use.
When it comes to purchasing paint brushes, try your level best to
match the particular application with which you are working with the
correct paint brush.
- Brush Sizes: Common brush sizes for specific
- 1" brush to be used in tight and narrow places
- 2" brush for use with trim and sash
- 3" brush used as wall brush
- 4" brush, also used as wall brush and great for painting
exterior siding and trim
- Bristles: The quality of a brush is
known by its bristles. The more bristles a brush has, it can
pick up more paint. When there are fewer bristles, the brush
drips more and tends to dump the paint. Bristle content is
measured in ounces. A good quality brush, say a 3-inch-wide
varnish brush has approximately bristles worth 2.5 ounces. A
disposable or poor quality brush might have just 0.75
- Size: To enhance tapering, brush
bristles should vary in length, and at least 50% of the
bristles should be of full-length. If this is not the case,
the brush picks up less paint and the finish has a very
ragged appearance. Brush length is measured with "topside"
percentage. With a brush having 80% topside, it means 80% of
the bristles will be the maximum length.
- One cheap and easy way of improving the brush's overall
taper is by simply trimming the tip end of the brush so that
it looks like a chisel.
- Make sure when you buy brushes, your filaments are not
hollow but solid. Solid filaments are more durable and one
important quality is that if they are bent, they'll return
to their original shape.
The right paint brush depends on the actual type of paint, primer,
or clear finish you are applying. Paint brushes are classified according
to the type of coating being applied like as follows:
Types of brushes
- Water Based Paints and Primers
- Oil Based Paints and Primers
- Water Based Clear Wood Finishes and Stains
- Oil Based Clear Wood Finishes and Stains
- Shellac Primers and Clear Finishes
Each of the above-mentioned coatings or stains requires a specific type
of brush to be used. Type of paint brush depends on the filaments used
in its construction, which can be synthetic, natural, or a combination
of the two. The popular types of brush are as follows:
- Synthetic brush: They are used for all types of coatings,
from oil, latex, primers. They can be used easily by a casual
painter who simply might want to paint a shelf or a cabinet, or some
bedroom walls and then put it in storage for later use. They are
made of nylon and polyester or combination of the two. A plastic
like Chinex can also be combined with nylon or polyester to produce
different characteristics. The filaments of synthetic brushes do not
absorb the water from the paint which a natural bristle brush does
and hence these brushes are more water resistant, hold their shape
and do not become soft and limp.
- Natural brush: Here, the brushes construction is of
animal hair and the filaments are called bristles. The most common
type of hair used is from long haired hogs, originally from China.
Another type is ox hair. A popular variety of natural brush is
White (or Black) China Bristle. These brushes are
expensive compared to nylon or polyester brushes because of the
higher quality of bristles that is used in their making. China
bristle leads to a smoother, consistent application and distribution
of the paint. They require less "dipping" in the paint
container. These bristle brushes have certain characteristics which
cannot be duplicated .
To paint large areas it is better to use a paint roller, the primary
constituent of which is the roller cover. Quality roller covers not only
last for a long time but they also spread more paint faster with the
least amount of effort. Choose the correct type, size, and pile
thickness for better results. Roller covers are come in many sizes. They
are made from a variety of materials and hence there are many specialty
types to choose from. The various common roller covers are as follows:
- Synthetic fiber paint roller covers: They are best for
oil-based paints and primers. They are cheaper and matt down very
- Lambs wool covers: They are perfect solutions for
water-based paints and primers. They hold more paint than synthetic
covers and also and produce less splatter.
- Mohair paint roller covers: They are ideal for very
smooth surfaces. They work with all types of paint and varnish. But
they are used with oil based enamels.
The roller frame is another handy tool used in painting. There are
different types of paint roller frames available in the market, ranging
in different sizes from 3 in. to 18 in. A good roller frame is always a
of every professional painters tool kit. The various types of
roller frames are as follows:
- Standard roller frame: This is usually the 9 in. frame
and the most popular. It is ideal for painting average sized rooms
and ceilings, like 10-foot wide walls, and 8-foot high ceilings, and
- Medium roller frame: The frames are usually 6 to 7 inches
long. These frames are used in narrow surfaces.
- Small Roller Frame: They range in sizes from 3" to 6".
They are used in hard-to-reach surfaces like painting the area
behind toilet tanks, painting around closet shelves, painting small
rooms, closets etc.
- Large-Framed Industrial Roller: They range fro 12 to 18
inches. These use an adjustable frame made of metal or plastic to
hold the roller cover. They are used for large large painting
projects. By utilizing this industrial roller with an extension pole
, the working time can be reduced in half.
- Mini paint rollers: They are very handy tools, about 1
inch or less in size and can reach many tight places where a brush
or full size paint roller frame cant paint efficiently.