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Painting is an important part of home decoration and home renovation project. While small painting jobs can be done at home as a part of “do-it-yourself” job, the hardcore painting job like painting ceilings, walls of rooms is done by professionals. There are different kinds of hand tools for painting. By using the right set of painting tools, it is possible to reduce both time and effort to finish your house painting project. It is always advisable to go for good quality tools which when cared for properly can last a lifetime.

Classification of painting tools
Tools needed for house painting can be classified into four main categories:
  • Preparation
  • Application
  • Safety and
  • Sundries
Types of painting tools
Painting tools define what type of technique, texture and surface you are trying to achieve. The number of tools required depends on the size of the project. There are wide varieties of painting tools out on the market today. These are as follows:
  • Paint brushes: The most basic of all painting tools, brushes are available in different sizes and styles . There are many different manufacturers dealing with brushes and quality varies. Do not go for cheap painting tools and rather prefer good brushes which will do the job for a very long time and are comfortable to use. When it comes to purchasing paint brushes, try your level best to match the particular application with which you are working with the correct paint brush.

  • Brush Sizes: Common brush sizes for specific applications:
    • 1" brush to be used in tight and narrow places
    • 2" brush for use with trim and sash
    • 3" brush used as wall brush
    • 4" brush, also used as wall brush and great for painting exterior siding and trim

    Buying tip
    • Bristles: The quality of a brush is known by its bristles. The more bristles a brush has, it can pick up more paint. When there are fewer bristles, the brush drips more and tends to dump the paint. Bristle content is measured in ounces. A good quality brush, say a 3-inch-wide varnish brush has approximately bristles worth 2.5 ounces. A disposable or poor quality brush might have just 0.75 ounces.

    • Size: To enhance tapering, brush bristles should vary in length, and at least 50% of the bristles should be of full-length. If this is not the case, the brush picks up less paint and the finish has a very ragged appearance. Brush length is measured with "topside" percentage. With a brush having 80% topside, it means 80% of the bristles will be the maximum length.

    • One cheap and easy way of improving the brush's overall taper is by simply trimming the tip end of the brush so that it looks like a chisel.

    • Make sure when you buy brushes, your filaments are not hollow but solid. Solid filaments are more durable and one important quality is that if they are bent, they'll return to their original shape.
The right paint brush depends on the actual type of paint, primer, or clear finish you are applying. Paint brushes are classified according to the type of coating being applied like as follows:
  • Water Based Paints and Primers
  • Oil Based Paints and Primers
  • Water Based Clear Wood Finishes and Stains
  • Oil Based Clear Wood Finishes and Stains
  • Shellac Primers and Clear Finishes
Types of brushes
Each of the above-mentioned coatings or stains requires a specific type of brush to be used. Type of paint brush depends on the filaments used in its construction, which can be synthetic, natural, or a combination of the two. The popular types of brush are as follows:
  • Synthetic brush: They are used for all types of coatings, from oil, latex, primers. They can be used easily by a casual painter who simply might want to paint a shelf or a cabinet, or some bedroom walls and then put it in storage for later use. They are made of nylon and polyester or combination of the two. A plastic like Chinex can also be combined with nylon or polyester to produce different characteristics. The filaments of synthetic brushes do not absorb the water from the paint which a natural bristle brush does and hence these brushes are more water resistant, hold their shape and do not become soft and limp.

  • Natural brush: Here, the brushes construction is of animal hair and the filaments are called bristles. The most common type of hair used is from long haired hogs, originally from China. Another type is ox hair. A popular variety of natural brush is White (or Black) China Bristle. These brushes are expensive compared to nylon or polyester brushes because of the higher quality of bristles that is used in their making. China bristle leads to a smoother, consistent application and distribution of the paint. They require less "dipping" in the paint container. These bristle brushes have certain characteristics which cannot be duplicated .
Roller covers
To paint large areas it is better to use a paint roller, the primary constituent of which is the roller cover. Quality roller covers not only last for a long time but they also spread more paint faster with the least amount of effort. Choose the correct type, size, and pile thickness for better results. Roller covers are come in many sizes. They are made from a variety of materials and hence there are many specialty types to choose from. The various common roller covers are as follows:

  • Synthetic fiber paint roller covers: They are best for oil-based paints and primers. They are cheaper and matt down very easily.

  • Lamb’s wool covers: They are perfect solutions for water-based paints and primers. They hold more paint than synthetic covers and also and produce less splatter.

  • Mohair paint roller covers: They are ideal for very smooth surfaces. They work with all types of paint and varnish. But they are used with oil based enamels.
Paint Roller Frames
The roller frame is another handy tool used in painting. There are different types of paint roller frames available in the market, ranging in different sizes from 3 in. to 18 in. A good roller frame is always a of every professional painter’s tool kit. The various types of roller frames are as follows:
  • Standard roller frame: This is usually the 9 in. frame and the most popular. It is ideal for painting average sized rooms and ceilings, like 10-foot wide walls, and 8-foot high ceilings, and a closet.

  • Medium roller frame: The frames are usually 6 to 7 inches long. These frames are used in narrow surfaces.

  • Small Roller Frame: They range in sizes from 3" to 6". They are used in hard-to-reach surfaces like painting the area behind toilet tanks, painting around closet shelves, painting small rooms, closets etc.

  • Large-Framed Industrial Roller: They range fro 12 to 18 inches. These use an adjustable frame made of metal or plastic to hold the roller cover. They are used for large large painting projects. By utilizing this industrial roller with an extension pole , the working time can be reduced in half.

  • Mini paint rollers: They are very handy tools, about 1 inch or less in size and can reach many tight places where a brush or full size paint roller frame can’t paint efficiently.

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